My research in the last 7 years has focused on the investigation and analyses of political and conflict discourses in the media and Internet – especially discourses produced by social movements, minority groups, civil societies, rebel groups and terrorist organizations in the form of resistance, protests, activism or dissent and their wider implications for peace and security. Discourses that show evidence of linguistic violence, language aggression and hate speech have been of special interest to me. I have recently edited two main reference books on discourse and conflict and peace studies: (i) Discourse and conflict: Analysing text and talk of conflict, hate and peace-building. London: Palgrave Macmillan (2021) (ii) Discourse, media and conflict: Examining war and resolution in the news. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2022). These books bring together scholars and experts from different disciplines from around the world working on these important topics.

I have also carried out research into the linguistic and discourse structures of online deceptive communications and cybercrime, particularly those associated with phishing, email financial scam and dis/(mis)information. I have co-edited a core reference book with Dr. Sergei Samoilenko of George Mason University, Virginia entitled: Deception, Fake News and misinformation online (IGI Global, 2019).